Properties of Textile Fiber

Properties of Textile Fiber:
Before learning about properties of fiber, you should know about what is textile fiber? We can define fiber as; Any substance, natural or manufactured, with a high length to width ratio and with suitable characteristics for being processed into fabric; the smallest component, hair like in nature, that can be separated from a fabric. I have also published a complete post on textile fiber. You can see this: What is Textile Fiber? | Types of Textile Fiber
Properties of Textile Fiber

To be a textile fiber it has some properties. The properties of textile fiber are given below:

Normally properties of textile fiber are three types:

A) Physical Properties
   B) Mechanical Properties
    C) Chemical Properties
 

A) Physical Properties  

  1. Length
  2. Fineness
  3. Crimp
  4. Maturity
  5. Lusture
  6. Softness
  7. Resiliency
  8. Work of rupture
  9. Density
  10. Appearance
  11. Flexibility
  12. Toughness
  13. Elongation

B) Mechanical Properties  

  1. Strength
  2. Elasticity
  3. Extensibility
  4. Rigidity

C) Chemical Properties 

  1. Solubility in aqueous salt
  2. Solubility in organic salt
Without above that properties, fiber has also
  1. Thermal Properties
  2. Torsional Properties

We can also textile fiber properties can classify in the following way:

1. Primary properties of textile fibres:

  • High length to width ratio
  • Tenacity
  • Flexibility
  • Spinning quality (Cohesiveness)
  • Uniformity

2. Secondary properties of textile fibres:

  • Physical shape
  • Elastic recovery and elongation
  • Resiliency
  • Flammability and other thermal reactions
  • Density
  • Lusture
  • Colour
  • Moisture regain

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